Guidelines for Archaeological Investigation and Curation
Below are the 2017 OSA guidelines for background research, field methods, technical reports, and curation. These guidelines are currently being updated. The OSA will make an announcement when the new guidelines are completed that will include an effective start date for their use.
Starting March 14, 2023, the OSA has changed our report and site form submission requirements. We now require:
One (1) hardcopy of the archaeological survey report.
One (1) digital copy of the archaeological survey report, preferably on CD, in a PDF format.
One (1) digital copy of each NC Site Form(s) with accompanying site map(s) for each site that was recorded as part of the archaeological investigation, preferably on CD in Word and/or PDF format(s). Please submit each site form as separate documents. No hardcopies of site forms are necessary. Do not attach site forms to reports.
Artifact Curation and Donation
The OSARC accepts state- and federally-owned collections for permanent curation, as well as private donations. The forms below are needed for both types of collections. See the Curation page for more information.
For the purposes of archaeological site identification, the OSA defines an archaeological site as a location where at least one artifact or feature greater than 50 years of age has been identified. The North Carolina Office of State Archaeology currently distributes four types of archaeological site recording forms.
- North Carolina Archaeological Site Form VIII is the most comprehensive reporting form and must be used to report sites recorded during any compliance-related projects or projects funded under state grants or contracts in North Carolina. Utilize the Site Form Handbook for questions and guidance on filling out this form.
- The Citizen Archaeologist Form is a form for members of the public to report sites. Visit our Citizen Archaeologist page for guidance on filling out and submitting a form.
- The Cemetery Site Form is specific to recording and reporting cemeteries during any compliance-related projects or projects funded under state grants or contracts in North Carolina. Please visit our Cemetery Page for more information about cemeteries.
- The Citizen Cemetery Site Form is for members of the public to record and report cemeteries. Please visit our Citizen Cemetery Site Form Instructions page for guidance.
Completed forms should be sent to:
Office of State Archaeology
4619 Mail Service Center
Raleigh, NC 27699-4619
Permanent Site Numbers and Accession Numbers
Guidelines for consultant firms. Citizens may follow the Citizen Archaeologist guidance for reporting sites.
All archaeological sites identified as a result of field investigations receive a trinomial site number to be included on a completed OSA site form submitted for compliance review. Any artifacts to be curated with the OSA Research Center require an OSA-assigned accession number. Please make requests for site and/or accession numbers by email to email@example.com. Questions about requests may be emailed or call 919-814-6558.
Please do not send partially completed site forms as a means of making a request. Completed site forms should be submitted after the requested site numbers and applicable accession numbers have been assigned.
When requesting state site numbers from the OSA, please provide the information below. It is helpful to provide this information in a table format, such as an Excel spreadsheet. The Site Number Request Table may be used as a template when submitting a request for permanent site numbers.
- Project or temporary site number for each site
- County in which the site is located
- Age of the site: prehistoric, historic, or both
- The sites for which an artifact accession number is being requested
- A topographic map(s) clearly noting site location(s) and boundaries, map name (i.e. quadrangle name), and county. If all sites legibly fit on a single map, one may be submitted for multiple sites.
- GIS information in the form of shapefiles (preferred), kmz/kml files, or the UTMs and datum for each site
We request both a map and shapefiles to ensure the most accurate plotting of sites in our GIS record. If you choose to submit shapefiles or kmz/kml files, we do not require the submission of UTMs. Please review the following section for how to best submit GIS data when requesting site numbers.
Submitting GIS Data
When requesting permanent state site numbers, we recommend submitting GIS data for all sites. To reduce the errors in location accuracy we prefer receiving boundaries (i.e. polygons) of archaeological sites, surveyed areas and/or Areas of Potential Effect (APE). The following is guidance for ease in submitting appropriate GIS data to OSA.
- Please use WGS 1984 Web Mercator (auxiliary sphere). This is the projection used by OSA, but we will also accept NAD 1983 North Carolina State Plane (Feet) or NAD 1927 UTM Zones 16, 17, or 18 (site form still requires UTMs).
- Zip GIS data into one file for transmission. For example, whether you are submitting one shapefile or three shapefiles, there should be one zipped file submitted. Zipping shapefiles ensures that all associated files (.prj, .dbf, .shp, etc.) are included. Tables and maps do not need to be zipped with GIS data.
- Sites should be grouped into one shapefile of like feature type (e.g. sites recorded as polygons should be merged into one shapefile; sites recorded as points in another). This limits the amount of processing done by OSA staff.
- Do not merge dissimilar data (e.g. APEs with sites).
- Please identify the site(s) by including the temporary site number in the attribute table.
- Some email providers may not allow .zip files as attachments. If this is the case, rename the file extension by adding “_rename”. Example: “sites.zip” becomes “sites.zip_rename”.
- In addition to GIS data, we request a map of site locations to ensure that sites are accurately plotted when they are imported into our GIS record.
If you have questions concerning submitting GIS data, please contact GIS Specialist Sam Franklin.